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Klaus Hofmann

Klaus Hofmann, Academic Adviser


+49 221 669 665 33


The Navigator to Direct Democracy features direct democracy procedures and practices worldwide. It is a global information and collaboration platform based on the general typology of modern direct democracy. 




The Navigator allows users to navigate the different direct democracy instruments in place around the world and to comare them with each other: the initiative, referendum and plebiscite. It contains ten different forms of procedure.

The idea of the Navigator World Map is simple and straightforward: Use the cursor and move it across the world map to any place you choose.

With a click on the mouse you will get reliable information about the status of direct democracy in that particular place. You will find information about the procedures (initiatives, referendums, plebiscites) available on different political levels and their practical implementation here.

The Navigator is an ongoing project by Dr. Klaus Hofmann, a member of Democracy International, who adds new cases constantly. Dr. Hofmann works as an academic scientist in the office of Democracy International and Mehr Demokratie in Cologne, Germany.

Access the navigator:

Website Navigator to Direct Democracy




The Direct Democracy Navigator, a unique platform gathering all direct democracy and citizen participation instruments around the globe, is turning...
The Website of the Direct Democracy Navigator
The Direct Democracy Navigator is a new research tool that currently features no less than 1227 different instruments in more than 100 countries...
Klaus Hofmann
Dr. Klaus Hofmann is responsible for the "Direct Democracy" Navigator, an online research tool on all the instruments of direct democracy in the...
Political Culture and Active Citizenship
The use of direct democratic instruments in international comparison. With examples from Ecuador, Germany, Hungary, Peru, Slovakia, Switzerland and...
Political Culture and Active Citizenship Symposium
For seven years, Dr Klaus Hofmann has been researching legal instruments of direct democracy worldwide for the Navigator for Direct Democracy....

Website Info

Democracy International is a registered association in Germany
(eingetragener Verein e.V.).

Gürzenichstraße 21 a-c
50667 Cologne
Phone: +49 (0) 221 669 66 50
Fax: +49 (0) 221 669 665 99

Amtsgericht Köln
VR-Nr. 17139

Full website information here

Data protection - Datenschutz


Democracy International e.V.
IBAN: DE 58370205000001515101

Bank für Sozialwirtschaft
Konto: 1515101
BLZ: 37020500


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